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Collisional effects in the blue wing of the Balmer-alpha line

Abstract : In order to investigate the near wing of the Lyman-α line, accurate line profile calculations and molecular data are both required due to the existence of a close line satellite responsible for its asymmetrical shape. Lyman-α lines observed with the Cosmic Origin Spectograph (COS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) show this peculiarity in the spectra of DBA and DA white dwarf stars. A similar asymmetrical shape in the blue wing can be predicted in the Balmer-α line of H perturbed by He and H atoms. In continuation with a very recent work on the Lyman-α line, where the n = 2 potential energies and transition dipole moments from the ground state were determined, we present new accurate H-He potential energies and electronic transition dipole moments involving the molecular states correlated with H(n=3)+He and their transition dipole moments with the states correlated with H(n=2)+He. Those new data and existing molecular data for H(n=2,3)-H are used to provide a theoretical investigation of the collisional effects in the blue wing of the Balmer-α line of H perturbed by He and H atoms. We note the consequences for the Balmer-α line shape in the physical conditions found in the cool atmosphere of DZA white dwarfs where helium densities may be as high as 10 21 cm −3. This study is undertaken with a unified theory of spectral line broadening valid at very high helium densities.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 22, 2021 - 9:19:50 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:44:09 AM

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N. Allard, F. Spiegelman, J. Kielkopf, S. Bourdreux. Collisional effects in the blue wing of the Balmer-alpha line. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2021, ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202141461⟩. ⟨hal-03438906⟩

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