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On control approaches for estimation purposes : application to tunneling current and magnetic levitation processes

Abstract : This PhD thesis gathers its main contributions in the field of observers for dynamical systems, originally motivated by applications in MEMS or NEMS (Micro or Nano Electromechanical Systems), with a more particular case related to tunneling current. It also happened to consider experiments with a magnetic levitation system.Contributions of this PhD thesis are of two types, according to its two main parts:1. Methodological part: designing different control strategies to obtain observers using the control-based paradigm. In particular, we focused on non-optimal approaches (like Proportional and Proportional-Integral), optimal ones (Linear Quadratic Regulator and Linear Quadratic Integrator) and sub-optimal methods (Hinf controller). Moreover, we focus on the main two ways to formulate a control (tracking) problem, namely Error feedback regulation problem and Full information regulation problem.2. Experimental part: Applying the obtained methods for improving the topographic imaging using a Scanning-Tunneling Microscope as well as to improve the disturbance estimation for a magnetic levitation process.More precisely, each part will take the form of two chapters:1. Chapter II, dedicated to a formal introduction and contributive discussion about the ’control based observer’ approach this PhD investigates, and Chapter III, focusing on the use of such an approach for the purpose of new robust observer design in particular within an Hinf framework.2. Chapter IV, related to STM application, and chapter V, presenting the MAGLEV case.A final chapter VI summarizes the main conclusions of this work as well as some perspectives.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 1, 2020 - 9:33:11 AM
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Andrei Popescu. On control approaches for estimation purposes : application to tunneling current and magnetic levitation processes. Automatic. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019GREAT062⟩. ⟨tel-02527247⟩



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