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Properties of Gauss digitized sets and digital surface integration

Abstract : This paper presents new topological and geometrical properties of Gauss digitizations of Euclidean shapes, most of them holding in arbitrary dimension $d$. We focus on $r$-regular shapes sampled by Gauss digitization at gridstep $h$. The digitized boundary is shown to be close to the Euclidean boundary in the Hausdorff sense, the minimum distance $\frac{\sqrt{d}}{2}h$ being achieved by the projection map $\xi$ induced by the Euclidean distance. Although it is known that Gauss digitized boundaries may not be manifold when $d \ge 3$, we show that non-manifoldness may only occur in places where the normal vector is almost aligned with some digitization axis, and the limit angle decreases with $h$. We then have a closer look at the projection of the digitized boundary onto the continuous boundary by $\xi$. We show that the size of its non-injective part tends to zero with $h$. This leads us to study the classical digital surface integration scheme, which allocates a measure to each surface element that is proportional to the cosine of the angle between an estimated normal vector and the trivial surface element normal vector. We show that digital integration is convergent whenever the normal estimator is multigrid convergent, and we explicit the convergence speed. Since convergent estimators are now available in the litterature, digital integration provides a convergent measure for digitized objects.
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Submitted on : Friday, October 2, 2015 - 7:56:22 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 19, 2020 - 1:01:55 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, January 3, 2016 - 11:01:05 AM

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Jacques-Olivier Lachaud, Boris Thibert. Properties of Gauss digitized sets and digital surface integration. Journal of Mathematical Imaging and Vision, Springer Verlag, 2016, 54 (2), pp.162-180. ⟨10.1007/s10851-015-0595-7⟩. ⟨hal-01070289v2⟩

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