Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Observed volatilization fluxes of S-metolachlor and benoxacor applied on soil with and without crop residues

Abstract : Volatilization may represent a major dissipation pathway for pesticides applied to soils or crops, and these losses may be modified by soil surface conditions or in the presence of plant residues. This paper investigates the effect of surface conditions on volatilization through experimental results. The two experiments consisted of volatilization flux measurements for 3 days after an application of S-metolachlor together with benoxacor: one with two wind tunnels to compare the effect of the presence of crop residues on the soil on volatilization losses and another one at the field scale from bare soil without crop residues. Volatilization fluxes were large immediately after application (between 77 and 223 ng m−2 s−1 for S-metolachlor depending on experimental conditions), decreasing down to a few nanograms per square meter per second on the last day. Volatilization fluxes followed a diurnal cycle driven by environmental conditions. The losses found for both compounds were in accordance with their physicochemical properties. The crop residue on the soil surface modified soil surface conditions—primarily the soil water content essentially, the degradation of S-metolachlor, and the dynamics of volatilization loss.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Archive Ouverte Prodinra Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 4:09:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 3, 2021 - 7:25:59 AM


Files produced by the author(s)


Distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License



Carole Bedos, Lionel Alletto, Brigitte Durand, Olivier Fanucci, Aurore Brut, et al.. Observed volatilization fluxes of S-metolachlor and benoxacor applied on soil with and without crop residues. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2017, 24 (4), pp.3985-3996. ⟨10.1007/s11356-016-8124-9⟩. ⟨hal-01531717⟩



Record views


Files downloads