Influence of hydrogen bonds on glass transition and dielectric relaxations of cellulose

Abstract : The molecular dynamic in hydrated cellulose has been investigated by a combination of thermal analyses and dielectric spectroscopy. Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) shows the dependence upon hydration of the glass transition temperature T g. A physical ageing phenomenon has been observed. At the molecular scale, bound water is hydrogen bonded to polar sites of cellulose macromolecules. At the macroscopic scale, water molecules play the role of a plasticizer for cellulose lowering its T g. Dynamic Dielectric Spectroscopy (DDS) combined with Thermostimulated Currents (TSC) have allowed us to follow more localized molecular mobility. The β relaxation mode is characterized by activation entropies that vanish for higher water contents indicating molecular mobility localization. It is plasticized by water like the glass transition. This analogy is explained by a common origin of both mechanisms: the mobility of the cellulose backbone. The evolution of the γ mode upon hydration follows an anti-compensation law. Water acts as an anti-plasticizer in a hydrogen bonded network.
Keywords : Physical Sciences
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Frédéric Roig, Eric Dantras, Jany Dandurand, Colette Lacabanne. Influence of hydrogen bonds on glass transition and dielectric relaxations of cellulose. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, IOP Publishing, 2011, 44 (4), pp.45403. ⟨10.1088/0022-3727/44/4/045403⟩. ⟨hal-00589771⟩

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