Electrical conductivity improvement of aeronautical carbon fiber reinforced polyepoxy composites by insertion of carbon nanotubes

Abstract : An increase and homogenization of electrical conductivity is essential in epoxy carbon fiber laminar aeronautical composites. Dynamic conductivity measurements have shown a very poor transversal conductivity. Double wall carbon nanotubes have been introduced into the epoxy matrix to increase the electrical conductivity. The conductivity and the degree of dispersion of carbon nanotubes in epoxy matrix were evaluated. The epoxy matrix was filled with 0.4 wt.% of CNTs to establish the percolation threshold. A very low value of carbon nanotubes is crucial to maintain the mechanical properties and avoid an overload of the composite weight. The final carbon fiber aeronautical composite realized with the carbon nanotubes epoxy filled was studied. The conductivity measurements have shown a large increase of the transversal electrical conductivity. The percolative network has been established and scanning electron microscopy images confirm the presence of the carbon nanotube conductive pathway in the carbon fiber ply. The transversal bulk conductivity has been homogenized and improved to 10−1 S*m−1 for a carbon nanotubes loading near 0.12 wt.%.
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Antoine Lonjon, Philippe Demont, Eric Dantras, Colette Lacabanne. Electrical conductivity improvement of aeronautical carbon fiber reinforced polyepoxy composites by insertion of carbon nanotubes. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, Elsevier, 2012, pp. 358, pp. 1859-1862. ⟨10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2012.05.038⟩. ⟨hal-00837753⟩

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