Development of a lab-on-chip electrochemical biosensor for water quality analysis based on microalgal photosynthesis

Abstract : The present work was dedicated to the development of a lab-on-chip device for water toxicity analysis and more particularly herbicide detection in water. It consists in a portable system for on-site detection composed of three-electrode electrochemical microcells, integrated on a fluidic platform constructed on a glass substrate.The final goal is to yield a system that gives the possibility of conducting double, complementary detection: electrochemical and optical and therefore all materials used for the fabrication of the lab-on-chip platform were selected in order to obtain a device compatible with optical technology. The basic detection principle consisted in electrochemically monitoring disturbances in metabolic photosynthetic activitiesof algae induced by the presence of Diuron herbicide. Algal response, evaluated through oxygen (O 2) monitoring through photosynthesis was different for each herbicide concentration in the examined sample. A concentration-dependent inhibition effect of the herbicide on photosynthesis was demonstrated. Herbicide detection was achieved through a range (blank – 1µM Diuron herbicide solution) covering the limit of maximum acceptable concentration imposed by Canadian government (0.64 µM), using a halogen white light source for the stimulation of algal photosynthetic apparatus.Superior sensitivity results (limit of detection of around 0.1 µM) were obtained with an organic light emitting diode (OLED), having an emission spectrum adapted to algal absorption spectrum and assembled on the final system.
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 14, 2018 - 10:05:13 AM
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Aliki Tsopela, Adrian Laborde, Ludovic Salvagnac, Vincent Ventalon, Eléna Bedel-Pereira, et al.. Development of a lab-on-chip electrochemical biosensor for water quality analysis based on microalgal photosynthesis. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Elsevier, 2016, 79, pp.568-573. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2015.12.050⟩. ⟨hal-01503060v2⟩

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