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Knr4: a disordered hub protein at the heart of fungal cell wall signalling

Abstract : The most highly connected proteins in protein-protein interactions networks are called hubs; they generally connect signalling pathways. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Knr4 constitutes a connecting node between the two main signal transmission pathways involved in cell wall maintenance upon stress: the cell wall integrity and the calcium-calcineurin pathway. Knr4 is required to enable the cells to resist many cell wall-affecting stresses, and KNR4 gene deletion is synthetic lethal with the simultaneous deletion of numerous other genes involved in morphogenesis and cell wall biogenesis. Knr4 has been shown to engage in multiple physical interactions, an ability conferred by the intrinsic structural adaptability of major disordered regions present in the N-terminal and C-terminal parts of the protein. Taking all together, Knr4 is an intrinsically disordered hub protein. Available data from other fungi indicate the conservation of Knr4 homologs cellular function and localization at sites of polarized growth among fungal species, including pathogenic species. Because of their particular role in morphogenesis control and of their fungal specificity, these proteins could constitute interesting new pharmaceutical drug targets for antifungal combination therapy.
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Contributor : Didier Zerbib <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 9, 2018 - 4:51:03 PM
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Hélène Martin-Yken, Jean Marie François, Didier Zerbib. Knr4: a disordered hub protein at the heart of fungal cell wall signalling. Cellular Microbiology, Wiley, 2016, 18 (9), pp.1217 - 1227. ⟨10.1111/cmi.12618⟩. ⟨hal-01679107⟩



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