Microbubbles for optofluidics: controlled defects in bubble crystals

Abstract : We use liquid–gas microfluidics as a low-cost, tunable microstructuring tool, for which applications can be envisioned in optics. In order to obtain relevant geometries for photonics, beyond simple self-assembled crystals, we propose an original approach that excludes bubbles from chosen zones thanks to tiny pillars. To assess the strength of the exclusion mechanism, we predict the behaviour of a single flattened bubble in front of a thin cylindrical pillar located in a rectangular microchannel. The model compares the hydrodynamic force F fluid that pushes the bubble and the force F s, due to surface tension, resulting from the surface augmentation when the bubble rises over the pillar. The resulting predictions have been confirmed by experimental results which showed that the bubble passes over the pillar if F s < F fluid and goes around it in other cases. Consistently with this model, dynamic bubble crystals with controlled lacuna defects of one, two, or a line of bubbles have been successfully produced. Defects can be switched on or off by changing the flow. Using a photosensitive polymer as a carrier liquid, static bubble crystals have also been produced.
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https://hal.laas.fr/hal-01810280
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 7, 2018 - 4:31:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 15, 2020 - 2:40:02 PM

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Alaa Allouch, Karima Bournine, Antoine Monmayrant, Olivier Gauthier-Lafaye, Sandrine Geoffroy, et al.. Microbubbles for optofluidics: controlled defects in bubble crystals. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Springer Verlag, 2014, 17 (3), pp.549 - 560. ⟨10.1007/s10404-014-1339-5⟩. ⟨hal-01810280⟩

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