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The Impact of Urbanization on Air Flow Pattern: The Case of Rio de Janeiro

Abstract : This paper presents a comparative assessment of two urban morphologies representing the urban transformations that occurred between 1976 and 2013 in downtown Rio de Janeiro. The work documents the impact of the city morphology changes on the air flow pattern, which is known to change the energy needs at the scale of the city. Special attention is dedicated to the comfort at pedestrian level and the potential for natural ventilation in a building of reference. The study was performed by means of numerical simulations based on the RANS k-epsilon turbulence model. The results show an increment in wind velocity at pedestrian level and a pressure difference rise between the building facades. New high-rise buildings increase the stagnation area in the leeward region, the boundary layer height, and the turbulence level.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 26, 2018 - 2:40:53 PM
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Marilia Ramalho Fontenelle, Sylvie Lorente, Leopoldo Eurico Goncalves Bastos. The Impact of Urbanization on Air Flow Pattern: The Case of Rio de Janeiro. International Journal of Green Energy, Taylor & Francis, 2015, 12 (9), pp.908--916. ⟨10.1080/15435075.2014.892005⟩. ⟨hal-01849733⟩



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