Microalgae lab-on-chip microbiosensor for environmental monitoring

Abstract : The present work aims at developing a microbiosensor for water toxicity analysis. It consists in fabricating a portable system for real-time detection that provides an early indication by sorting the samples needed to be further analyzed by conventional techniques. The lab-on-chip platform offers the possibility of conducting double complementary detection: optical and electrochemical. Disturbances in metabolic activities of algae, the biological sensing element inserted to the solution to be evaluated, are generated by the presence of pesticide (Diuron). These modifications are monitored by measuring simultaneously variations in fluorescence emitted by algae as well as current variations reflecting the biochemical phenomena taking place (photosynthetic O2 production and H2O2/OH-concentration variations at intracellular level). The lab-on-chip structure is fabricated on a high optical transmission glass substrate. The integrated three-electrode electrochemical microsensor is developed by PVD process (Ti/Pt layers for working and counter electrodes, Ti/Pt/Ag layers for reference electrode later oxidized in Ag/AgCl) followed by electrodeposition of Black Platinum (Bl Pt) or IrOx in order to functionalise working electrodes. Si3N4 layer deposited by ICP-CVD process is used as long-term passivation. Microfluidic chambers and channels are structured by patterning SU8 photoresist whereas a glass cover is stuck on the structure using the wafer bonder to seal microfluidic tanks (Fig 1 and 2). Microbiosensors, integrated on the microfluidic lab-on-chip structure, demonstrate highly sensitive Nernstian responses for pH measurements with no hysteresis (59mV/pH for the IrOx electrode-Fig 3). A LOD of 50nM is obtained for H2O2 with Bl Pt electrode (Fig 4). Bl Pt electrodes are then used to monitor microalgae photosynthetic activity (i.e. O2 production) in the presence and absence of pesticide (Fig 5). Even if algal respiration (light off) is not disturbed, photosynthesis (light on) is partially hindered by pesticide and therefore a variation in oxygen production rate is observed.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 25, 2018 - 12:39:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 10, 2020 - 9:10:15 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01874797, version 1

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Aliki Tsopela, Ahmet Lale, Adrian Laborde, Pierre Temple-Boyer, Isabelle Séguy, et al.. Microalgae lab-on-chip microbiosensor for environmental monitoring. 13th world congress on biosensors, BIOSENSORS 2014, May 2014, Melbourne, Australia. ⟨hal-01874797⟩

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