Locus of first crystals on the evaporative surface of a vertically textured porous medium

Abstract : The evaporation of a saline solution from a heterogeneous porous medium formed by the assembly of a coarse medium column and a fine medium column is studied numerically. We concentrate on the locus of the formation of first crystals on the evaporative surface from the computation of the ion mass fraction distribution at the surface prior to the efflorescence development. Two basic situations considered in previous works, namely the evaporation–wicking situation and the drying situation are considered. The study makes clear that each situation leads to a markedly different locus of the efflorescence formation, except, however, for very high initial salt concentrations. The study emphasizes the key-role of the velocity field induced in the porous domain in the case of the evaporation–wicking situation. In the case of the drying situation, a key aspect lies in the local increase in the ion mass fraction due to the local desaturation, i.e. the local shrinking of the liquid volume containing the ions.
Keywords : Porous media
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Babacar Diouf, Sandrine Geoffroy, Ariane Abou-Chakra, Marc Prat. Locus of first crystals on the evaporative surface of a vertically textured porous medium. European Physical Journal: Applied Physics, EDP Sciences, 2018, 81 (1), pp.1-14. ⟨10.1051/epjap/2018170340⟩. ⟨hal-01876338⟩

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