Using the global optimisation methods to minimise the machining path length of the free-form surfaces in three-axis milling

Abstract : During the machining of free-form surfaces using three-axis numerically controlled machine (NC), several parameters are chosen arbitrary and one of the most important is the feed motion direction. The main objective of this study is to minimise the machining time of complex surfaces while respecting a scallop height criteria. The analytical expression of the machining time is not known and by hypothesis, it is assumed to be proportional to the path length crossed by the cutting tool. This path length depends on the feed direction. To have an optimal feed direction at any point, the surface is divided into zones with low variation of the steepest slope direction. The optimization problem was formulated aiming at minimizing the global path length. Furthermore, a penalty reflecting the time loss due to the movement of the tool from one zone to another one is taken into account. Several heuristics are used to resolve this problem: Clarke and Wrights, Greedy randomized adaptive search procedure, Tabu search and Nearest neighbour search. An example illustrates our work by applying the different heuristics on a test surface. After simulations, the results obtained present a significant saving of paths length of 24% compared to the machining in one zone.
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Contributor : Pierre Naegelen <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 11, 2018 - 12:18:59 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 22, 2019 - 5:20:44 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01951244, version 1

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S. Djebali, Stéphane Segonds, Jean-Max Redonnet, Walter Rubio. Using the global optimisation methods to minimise the machining path length of the free-form surfaces in three-axis milling. International Journal of Production Research, 2015, 53 (17), pp.5296--5309. ⟨hal-01951244⟩

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