Study of trimming damages of CFRP structures in function of the machining processes and their impact on the mechanical behavior

Abstract : The main focus of this paper is to investigate the defects generated by different machining processes (namely burr tool machining, abrasive water jet machining \textquoteleftAWJM\textquoteright and abrasive diamond cutter \textquoteleftADS\textquoteright) and their impact on the mechanical behavior of CFRP in quasi-static (compression and inter-laminar shear) and tensile\textendashtensile fatigue tests. The cutting conditions are selected so that different levels of degradation can be obtained. The machined surface is characterized using roughness measuring devices with and without contact and SEM observations. The results show that the defects generated during the trimming process with a cutting tool are fibers pull-out and resin degradation. These defects are mainly located in the layers with the fibers oriented at -45° and 90°. However, when using abrasive water jet and abrasive diamond processes, the defects generated have the form of streaks and are not dependent on the fiber orientation. Furthermore, the results of quasi-static tests performed on specimens machined by cutting tools show that AWJ specimens offer a better resistance in compression but the ADS samples offer higher inter-laminar-shear strengths. Moreover, the results of fatigue tests show that specimens machined with a burr tool offer higher endurance limit. Finally, it is concluded that the type and the mode of the mechanical loading (quasi-static fatigue) affect the mechanical response of CFRP and favor a given machining process.
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https://hal-univ-tlse3.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01952584
Contributor : Pierre Naegelen <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 12, 2018 - 11:45:25 AM
Last modification on : Monday, April 29, 2019 - 4:30:35 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-01952584, version 1

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Madjid Haddad, Redouane Zitoune, H. Bougherara, Florent Eyma, Bruno Castanié. Study of trimming damages of CFRP structures in function of the machining processes and their impact on the mechanical behavior. Composites Part B: Engineering, 2014, 57, pp.136--143. ⟨hal-01952584⟩

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