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Complete set of elastic moduli of a spin-crossover solid: Spin-state dependence and mechanical actuation

Abstract : Molecular spin crossover complexes are promising candidates for mechanical actuation purposes. The relationships between their crystal structure and mechanical properties remain, however, not well understood. In this study, combining high pressure synchrotron X-ray diffraction, nuclear inelastic scattering, and micromechanical measurements, we assessed the effective macroscopic bulk modulus (B = 11.5 ± 1.5 GPa), Young’s modulus (Y = 10.9 ± 1.0 GPa), and Poisson’s ratio (ν = 0.34 ± 0.04) of the spin crossover complex [FeII(HB(tz)3)2] (tz = 1,2,4-triazol-1-yl). Crystal structure analysis revealed a pronounced anisotropy of the lattice compressibility, which was correlated with the difference in spacing between the molecules as well as by the distribution of the stiffest C–H···N interactions in different crystallographic directions. Switching the molecules from the low spin to the high spin state leads to a remarkable drop of the Young’s modulus to 7.1 ± 0.5 GPa both in bulk and thin film samples. The results highlight the application potential of these films in terms of strain (ε = −0.17 ± 0.05%), recoverable stress (σ = −21 ± 1 MPa), and work density (W/V = 15 ± 6 mJ/cm3).
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01961781
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Submitted on : Thursday, December 20, 2018 - 10:58:16 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 5:24:04 PM

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Mirko Mikolasek, Maria Dolores Manrique-Juarez, H. J. Shepherd, Karl Ridier, Sylvain Rat, et al.. Complete set of elastic moduli of a spin-crossover solid: Spin-state dependence and mechanical actuation. Journal of the American Chemical Society, American Chemical Society, 2018, 140 (28), pp.8970-8979. ⟨10.1021/jacs.8b05347⟩. ⟨hal-01961781⟩

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