Numerical modelling of the cold expansion process in mechanical stacked assemblies

Abstract : The cold expansion process is a technology that is widely used to enhance the fatigue resistance of aircraft metallic parts. The issue analysed in this paper concerns the case when the expansion is carried out through an assembly composed of several sheets. The numerical work conducted was intended to understand the phenomenology of the process within a stiff assembly. In particular, it aimed to analyse the deformation of the sheets and the residual stress fields generated by the process. For this purpose, an axisymmetric finite element model of the split sleeve process was developed, simulating a single expansion performed through a stack of two titanium holes (Ti-6Al-4V). The sheets to be expanded were positioned between two steel plates to simulate the assembly. The model could predict the shape and intensities of the fields within the expanded sections and their global outer shapes. We particularly focused on the phenomena prevailing between sheets. The simulation showed that deformations at the interface were greatly reduced when the stack was stiffened axially. Moreover, high circumferential and axial residual stresses were generated in the sheets. Results were compared with a single hole expanded without axial stiffening.
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Victor Achard, Alain Daidié, Manuel Paredes, Clément Chirol. Numerical modelling of the cold expansion process in mechanical stacked assemblies. Advances on Mechanics, Design Engineering and Manufacturing, pp.501-508, 2016, 978-3-319-45780-2. ⟨10.1007/978-3-319-45781-9_50⟩. ⟨hal-02047916⟩



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