Apparent Interfacial Toughness of Undoped and Photoluminescent Eu3+-Doped Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coatings

Abstract : Most photoluminescence methods for the diagnostic of thermal barrier coatings (TBC) rely on the functionalization of yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) with trivalent lanthanide ions. It consists in determining temperature and detecting preventively damages within the volume of the TBC prior to ceramic topcoat spallation. The latter depends on the interfacial toughness, which is an important factor to address thermal barrier coating’s performance and durability. In this paper, the influence of the addition of rare earth elements (Eu3+) on the interfacial toughness of TBC deposited by atmospheric plasma spray is investigated. Two types of coatings are deposited and investigated: (1) Type I: coating deposited using Eu3+-doped YSZ powder (2 mol.%), (2) Type II: coating deposited using undoped YSZ powder. Both types of coatings are heat-treated at 1100 °C under isothermal conditions using different oxidation exposure times: 100, 300 and 800 h. The morphology of the interface between the topcoat (TBC) and the bond coat is analyzed by scanning electron microscopy. The apparent interfacial toughness is investigated using indentation. It is shown that the interfacial apparent toughness decreases as the oxidation exposure time increases. Concomitantly, the thickness of the thermally grown oxide (TGO) layer between the bond coat and the topcoat increases. Results show as well that the partial substitution of Y3+ ions by a low amount of Eu3+ ions (2 mol.%) does not have influence on the microstructure and the interfacial toughness of the YSZ coatings. In addition, energy dispersive spectrometry reveals that there is no diffusion of Eu3+ into the TGO layer. It is therefore concluded that the use of Eu3+ for damage diagnostic based on photoluminescence methods will not induce any kind of degradation of the properties of TBCs.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 6, 2020 - 12:01:37 PM
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Yankuan Liu, Etienne Copin, Sandrine Duluard, Thierry Sentenac, Zhiping Wang, et al.. Apparent Interfacial Toughness of Undoped and Photoluminescent Eu3+-Doped Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia Thermal Barrier Coatings. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, ASM International/Springer, In press, ⟨10.1007/s11666-019-00963-0⟩. ⟨hal-02397243⟩

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