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Transport of Non-Spherical Particles in Square Microchannel Flows: A Review

Abstract : Understanding the behavior of a single particle flowing in a microchannel is a necessary step in designing and optimizing efficient microfluidic devices for the separation, concentration, counting, detecting, sorting, or mixing of particles in suspension. Although the inertial migration of spherical particles has been deeply investigated in the last two decades, most of the targeted applications involve shaped particles whose behavior in microflows is still far from being completely understood. While traveling in a channel, a particle both rotates and translates: it translates in the streamwise direction driven by the fluid flow but also in the cross-section perpendicular to the streamwise direction due to inertial effects. In addition, particles’ rotation and translation motions are coupled. Most of the existing works investigating the transport of particles in microchannels decouple their rotational and lateral migration behaviors: particle rotation is mainly studied in simple shear flows, whereas lateral migration is neglected, and studies on lateral migration mostly focus on spherical particles whose rotational behavior is simple. The aim of this review is to provide a summary of the different works existing in the literature on the inertial migration and the rotational behavior of non-spherical particles with a focus and discussion on the remaining scientific challenges in this field
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Contributor : Lucien Baldas <>
Submitted on : Sunday, March 7, 2021 - 1:01:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 31, 2021 - 10:32:08 AM


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Tohme Tohme, Pascale Magaud, Lucien Baldas. Transport of Non-Spherical Particles in Square Microchannel Flows: A Review. Micromachines, MDPI, 2021, 12 (3), pp.277. ⟨10.3390/mi12030277⟩. ⟨hal-03161574⟩



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