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Effect of the presence of solid particles, on the vanadyl sulfate (VOSO4) oxidation current

Abstract : This study considers the effect of mechanical stirring of V(IV) solutions and of the presence of solid suspensions on the VO(aq)2+ oxidation current measured on a graphite electrode, with the objective of a better understanding of the electrochemical reactions taking place in a vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB). Our research question was to determine whether the presence of different kind of solid particles (inert glass spheres, VOSO4 powder and nanometric ketjen black (KB)) could be beneficial to the electrochemical performances of the VRFB. The experimental method consisted in measuring the anodic limiting current of a VOSO4-H2SO4-H2O solution on a rotating graphite cylinder, by linear sweep voltammetry. In the absence of solid particles, we show that the mass transfer coefficient dependence against the angular velocity of both the electrode and an additional stirrer obey to a power law (k = f(ωγ)) with an exponent γ found to be lower than the theoretical value. The beneficial effect on the mass transfer of VO2+ at the interface observed with low fraction of inert glass particles dramatically disappears as the spheres fraction increases. This is attributed to the decrease of the available free volume for the diffusion. When the solid consists of VOSO4 particles, the anodic current decreases as the mass fraction of the solid increases, which demonstrates the absence of any significant beneficial effect of the dissolution of the VOSO4 grains in the diffusion layer. Conversely, an important increase (~ 40%) of the oxidation current is observed when KB particles were introduced at low fractions (0.15%) in the bulk, thanks to the electronic percolation created by the KB. However, this beneficial effect disappears for higher mass fraction of both vanadium or KB solid particles, because of the destruction of the aggregates enabling the electron to be driven into the bulk.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03194299
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Submitted on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 2:22:37 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 4, 2021 - 3:25:58 PM

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Yendoube Charles Sano Moyeme, Ranine El Hage, Ali Hassan, Fabien Chauvet, Laurent Cassayre, et al.. Effect of the presence of solid particles, on the vanadyl sulfate (VOSO4) oxidation current. Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2021, 373, pp.137909. ⟨10.1016/j.electacta.2021.137909⟩. ⟨hal-03194299⟩

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