Influence de la précharge sur tenue statique et fatigue des assemblages boulonnés

Abstract : Axial preload is a fundamental parameter that needs to be correctly mastered in order to ensure the mechanical strength of bolted joints. In the case of bolted shear joints under fatigue solicitations, a low preload does not allow to exploit the load carrying capacity of the friction interfaces. A high preload is undesirable as it can generate fretting fatigue phenomena or excessive under head contact pressure that may lead to decrease fatigue lives of aeronautical joints and structures. Controlled preload application generates and maintains equilibrium of load transfer mechanisms, inducing a full use of their potential and leading to an optimal fatigue life of the joint. This study focuses on aeronautical preloaded joints with the objective of understanding the effects of controlled preload over the mechanics of shear joints and exploiting the contribution of preload to enhance their fatigue lives. For this purpose, a hybrid approach has been adopted to demonstrate the beneficial effect of controlled preload. Numerical modelling has been carried out to better understand the preload influence but also to predict the mechanical strength of bolted joints. The experimental database has been generated using exclusively alternative tightening techniques, in order to reduce the scatter on final preload and therefore evaluate the effect of controlled preload in a more accurate way. The fatigue strength of bolted shear joints has been significantly improved for most of tested configurations due to the application of accurate axial preload. The effects of many other parameters, as the nature of interface, the stiffness of fasteners or the radial adjustment has also been assessed and permits to identify an additional potential optimization of bolted joints.
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  • HAL Id : tel-02083773, version 1

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Taha Benhaddou. Influence de la précharge sur tenue statique et fatigue des assemblages boulonnés. Mécanique des matériaux [physics.class-ph]. INSA de Toulouse, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ISAT0044⟩. ⟨tel-02083773⟩

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