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Architectures d'apprentissage profond pour la reconnaissance d'actions humaines dans des séquences vidéo RGB-D monoculaires : application à la surveillance dans les transports publics

Huy-Hieu Pham 1
1 IRIT-MINDS - CoMputational imagINg anD viSion
IRIT - Institut de recherche en informatique de Toulouse
Abstract : This thesis is dealing with automatic recognition of human actions from monocular RGB-D video sequences. Our main goal is to recognize which human actions occur in unknown videos. This problem is a challenging task due to a number of obstacles caused by the variability of the acquisition conditions, including the lighting, the position, the orientation and the field of view of the camera, as well as the variability of actions which can be performed differently, notably in terms of speed. To tackle these problems, we first review and evaluate the most prominent state-of-the-art techniques to identify the current state of human action recognition in videos. We then propose a new approach for skeleton-based action recognition using Deep Neural Networks (DNNs). Two key questions have been addressed. First, how to efficiently represent the spatio-temporal patterns of skeletal data for fully exploiting the capacity in learning high-level representations of Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (D-CNNs). Second, how to design a powerful D-CNN architecture that is able to learn discriminative features from the proposed representation for classification task. As a result, we introduce two new 3D motion representations called SPMF (Skeleton Posture-Motion Feature) and Enhanced-SPMF that encode skeleton poses and their motions into color images. For learning and classification tasks, we design and train different D-CNN architectures based on the Residual Network (ResNet), Inception-ResNet-v2, Densely Connected Convolutional Network (DenseNet) and Efficient Neural Architecture Search (ENAS) to extract robust features from color-coded images and classify them. Experimental results on various public and challenging human action recognition datasets (MSR Action3D, Kinect Activity Recognition Dataset, SBU Kinect Interaction, and NTU-RGB+D) show that the proposed approach outperforms current state-of-the-art. We also conducted research on the problem of 3D human pose estimation from monocular RGB video sequences and exploited the estimated 3D poses for recognition task. Specifically, a deep learning-based model called OpenPose is deployed to detect 2D human poses. A DNN is then proposed and trained for learning a 2D-to-3D mapping in order to map the detected 2D keypoints into 3D poses. Our experiments on the Human3.6M dataset verified the effectiveness of the proposed method. These obtained results allow opening a new research direction for human action recognition from 3D skeletal data, when the depth cameras are failing. In addition, we collect and introduce in this thesis, CEMEST database, a new RGB-D dataset depicting passengers' behaviors in public transport. It consists of 203 untrimmed real-world surveillance videos of realistic "normal" and "abnormal" events. We achieve promising results on CEMEST with the support of data augmentation and transfer learning techniques. This enables the construction of real-world applications based on deep learning for enhancing public transportation management services.
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Huy-Hieu Pham. Architectures d'apprentissage profond pour la reconnaissance d'actions humaines dans des séquences vidéo RGB-D monoculaires : application à la surveillance dans les transports publics. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU30145⟩. ⟨tel-02879316⟩

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