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Sulphur chemistry in the L1544 pre-stellar core

Abstract : The L1544 pre-stellar core has been observed as part of the ASAI IRAM 30m Large Program as well as follow-up programs. These observations have revealed the chemical richness of the earliest phases of low-mass star-forming regions. In this paper we focus on the twenty-one sulphur bearing species (ions, isotopomers and deuteration) that have been detected in this spectral-survey through fifty one transitions: CS, CCS, C3S, SO, SO2, H2CS, OCS, HSCN, NS, HCS+, NS+ and H2S. We also report the tentative detection (4 {\sigma} level) for methyl mercaptan (CH3SH). LTE and non-LTE radiative transfer modelling have been performed and we used the nautilus chemical code updated with the most recent chemical network for sulphur to explain our observations. From the chemical modelling we expect a strong radial variation for the abundances of these species, which mostly are emitted in the external layer where non thermal desorption of other species has previously been observed. We show that the chemical study cannot be compared to what has been done for the TMC-1 dark cloud, where the abundance is supposed constant along the line of sight, and conclude that a strong sulphur depletion is necessary to fully reproduce our observations of the prototypical pre-stellar core L1544.
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Contributor : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 5, 2018 - 10:50:41 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 11, 2021 - 11:37:52 AM

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Charlotte Vastel, David Quénard, Romane Le Gal, Valentine Wakelam, Aina Andrianasolo, et al.. Sulphur chemistry in the L1544 pre-stellar core. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2018, 478 (4), pp.5514-5532. ⟨10.1093/mnras/sty1336⟩. ⟨hal-01807790⟩



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