Numerical modelling of coupled adiabatic shear banding and micro-voiding assisted dynamic ductile failure

Abstract : High strength metallic materials, notably steel and light-weight titanium and aluminium alloys, are widely used in aeronautical and other structures. In case of accidental overload involving high strain rates and quasi adiabatic conditions, these materials are often susceptible to adiabatic shear banding. The adiabatic shear bands (ASB) are intense shear localisation zones resulting from thermomechanical instability and provoking premature material failure. At an advanced stage of the localisation process, the ASBs have been shown to contain micro-voids (MV) which may coalesce to form cracks and ultimately lead to the fracture of the structure. Thus the coupled mechanisms of ASB+MV act as a precursor to catastrophic failure and it is consequently crucial to numerically model their formation and effects when dealing with structures submitted to high loading rates. The ASBs are also observed in industrial applications such as high speed machining where their formation favours the chip serration. A large scale postulate is used herein to obtain a global insight into the structural material response. The shear band cluster is indeed contained/ embedded within the representative volume element (RVE), and not the opposite as usually considered. The objective here is to enrich a model describing the ASB effects by taking into account the consequences of the micro-voiding within the progressive failure process. The effects of ASB and MV initiation and evolution on the RVE (material point) response are double: kinematic, namely a progressive deviation of the plastic flow in the band plane described via specific ASB and MV induced velocity gradients; and material, namely a progressive anisotropic degradation of the elastic and plastic moduli described via ASB and MV induced second order tensor deterioration variables. The ASB onset criterion is derived from the linear perturbation analysis and the MV is activated using a critical value for the local energy release rate. The interest of this advanced constitutive model is emphasised by comparison with an application oriented (1-D) model where D is a scalar damage variable. [...]
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Hannah Lois Dorothy. Numerical modelling of coupled adiabatic shear banding and micro-voiding assisted dynamic ductile failure. Mechanics of materials [physics.class-ph]. Université Paul Sabatier - Toulouse III, 2018. English. ⟨NNT : 2018TOU30176⟩. ⟨tel-02307383⟩

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