Dynamics of detachment of Escherichia coli from plasma-mediated coatings under shear flow

Abstract : A series of plasma-mediated coatings, containing silver nanoparticles embedded in an organosilicon or silica-like matrix, were deposited onto stainless steel and chemically characterized. Their anti-adhesive properties were evaluated in vitro towards Escherichia coli by performing shear-flow induced detachment experiments. Increasing the wall shear stress facilitated E. coli cell detachment, irrespective of the coating characteristics. When nanosilver was incorporated, cell detachment was lower, probably due to the affinity of the embedded silver for biological components of the cell wall. The presence of methyl groups in the matrix network could also promote enhanced hydrophobic interactions. Within the population fraction remaining attached to the coating under increasing shear flow, different association phenotypes were observed, viz. progressively lying flat, moving laterally, remaining tethered, or rotating by a single anchoring point, until alignment with the flow direction. This re-orientation phenotype and its relation with detachment were dependent of the coating. The effects of such heterogeneities should be more deeply explored.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01268372
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 4, 2016 - 10:41:39 PM
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Muriel Mercier-Bonin, Marie-Pierre Duviau, Christophe Ellero, Nathalie Lebleu, Patrice Raynaud, et al.. Dynamics of detachment of Escherichia coli from plasma-mediated coatings under shear flow. Biofouling, Taylor & Francis, 2012, 28 (9), pp.881 - 894. ⟨10.1080/08927014.2012.719160⟩. ⟨hal-01268372⟩

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