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Barrier effect to charge injection in polyethylene by silver nanoparticles containing plasma polymer composites investigated by conductivity measurements

Abstract : Main challenge in the development of HVDC polymeric insulation is to avoid the accumulation of space charge under electrical and/or thermal stresses which can significantly reduce the component reliability. Injection mitigation in low density polyethylene (LDPE) films by plasma processed silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) containing plasma polymer composites was recently reported through space charge measurements. The barrier effect has been assigned to the creation of permanent deep traps by introducing silver nanoparticles near the polyethylene surface. To substantiate the above findings, current measurements realized on composite layers and on polyethylene films with and without silver nanoparticles have been carried out. It is shown that in the presence of AgNPs in organosilicon layer, polarization/depolarization currents are one order of magnitude lower, transient currents decay faster and are not sensitive to multiple polarization. This can be understood if the AgNPs in the layer are acting as deep traps mitigating further injection with the result to decrease the apparent conductivity of the layer and to increase its breakdown strength. Similar trend is observed in polyethylene tailored by composite layer. These results strengthen the interpretation of the barrier effect based on space charge stabilized by deep traps formed by the AgNPs.
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L. Milliere, K. Makasheva, C. Laurent, B. Despax, L. Boudou, et al.. Barrier effect to charge injection in polyethylene by silver nanoparticles containing plasma polymer composites investigated by conductivity measurements. 2016 IEEE International Conference on Dielectrics (ICD), Jul 2016, Montpellier, France. pp.1085-1088, ⟨10.1109/ICD.2016.7547807⟩. ⟨hal-02324470⟩

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